Setting Up a Budget
Few things strike more fear into the hearts of people than setting up a budget. We all know we need one, a few of us actually have one, and fewer still manage to live within it. Why is it so intimidating?
Maybe it seems like such an overwhelming task that you don’t even want to start thinking about it. Maybe you don’t actually know where to start. Maybe you think that it will require hours and hours to do.
Maybe you’re afraid of your money; after all, it seems to pretty much rule your life–you may get up thinking about it and go to bed thinking about it. Whatever your reason, now is the time to start!
Step 1: Where to start
There are two essential things that you need to know when preparing a budget: what comes in and what goes out. Now that’s an oversimplification, of course, but that’s all a budget is–income and expenses.
Start by assembling past paycheck stubs, dividend receipts, etc., to determine your income. A survey of the previous three months is usually good enough to establish this.
Next, assemble two to three months’ worth of expenses. Get all of your bills together, your checkbook register, receipts, etc.
Step 2: Determine the time frame
Decide if you want to budget weekly, by the paycheck, monthly, quarterly, etc. How often you get paid may heavily influence this decision. Most people just budget by the month. Remember that you may have some expenses that happen quarterly, semi-annually, or even annually, things like insurance or car registration. You’ll need to plan accordingly (see Step 5).
Step 3: Choose a tracking method
Choose a method for tracking expenses (and income, if desired).
Quicken and MS Money are also good tools if you are pretty computer literate. You can also set up a spreadsheet program, if that’s something you enjoy doing.
You can even use good old pencil and paper. Do whatever will be easiest for you to maintain.
Step 4: Establish categories
Select categories that fit your needs. Some people like just a few categories, some use a multitude of categories, others use subcategories. It really depends on how detail-oriented you want to be. General categories might include: auto, house, food, medical, insurance, utilities, etc. Specific categories (usually best as subcategories) could include: auto–insurance, fuel, maintenance; food–groceries, takeout, dining out; etc. You can always add or remove categories or subcategories later.
Step 5: Establish spending amounts
Review the income and expenses that you gathered. Put the expenses into the categories you have established so you can see where you’ve been spending. Total them and compare them to your income. How have you been doing? If you’re overspending, determine where you can cut.
Establish new budget amounts for the time period you have chosen based on past expenses. Remember also to budget for quarterly, semi-annual, or annual expenses. (Example: you pay your car insurance every 6 months; divide that payment by 6 and budget that amount every month; put it aside where it won’t be spent!)
Try to be flexible in your budgeting. Budgeting every last penny you earn may not be the best course because there are always unpredictable expenses that pop up. Be sure to budget some savings, even if all you can save is $5 a month. It’s great to get into the habit of paying yourself first.
Step 6: Track your income and expenses
Whether it’s daily or weekly, or just every few days, you need sit down and enter your expenses into your tracking method. If you put it off too long it will become too overwhelming and you’ll give up.
Devoting just a few minutes a day is a lot better than three hours at the end of the month! Keeping close track of your expenses will also help you to stay in line with your budget. You’ll be more aware of your money and more careful not to spend what you don’t have.
Remember to collect receipts for everything, especially things you buy with cash. This will make tracking a lot easier. If a receipt has purchases that fall into more than one category, divide them up accordingly.
Step 7: Revisit the budget often
Revisit your budget periodically. Review your expenses. See what’s working and what isn’t. Rework the numbers as necessary. If you are single, this should be pretty easy. However, if you are married, you may have one or two incomes in your household; both people should know where the money is going, regardless of who is earning it.
Finally, remember that budgets are not set in stone. You are in control, not your money. Make it a goal to live within your budget. You can do it!
The information contained in this article has been prepared by an independent third party and is distributed to consumers for educational purposes only. The information is not guaranteed to be accurate and does not represent the opinions of Guild Mortgage Company.
The above information is for educational purposes only. All information, loan programs and interest rates are subject to change without notice. All loans subject to underwriter approval. Terms and conditions apply. Always consult an accountant or tax advisor for full eligibility requirements on tax deduction. *By refinancing an existing loan, total finance charges may be higher over the life of the loan. *Information is for general illustrative purposes only. The information is believed to be reliable, but Guild Mortgage does not warrant its completeness, timeliness or accuracy. Guild Mortgage assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in the information provided. *Typically, a non-purchase second mortgage. **Please consult your financial advisor on the consolidation of short term debt into long term debt.
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